Phonics

Here we hope you will find everything you need to know about how the children in Foundation and Key Stage 1 are learning to read.  If we have missed anything at all, please let us know. Miss Grant is Phonics Lead at Edward Worlledge Ormiston Academy so please feel free to contact her for further information or support.

What is phonic teaching?

Phonic teaching involves showing children the sounds of letters (not the letter names) and how these sounds can be blended together to make words. E.g. the word ‘cat’ is a decodable word because the letter sounds can be blended together.

c – a – t cat

The ability to read is within the reach of every child.  The most direct route to reading for the vast majority of children is through systematically taught, ‘synthetic phonics’.  At Edward Worlledge Ormiston Academy we follow a ‘phonics first’ approach to reading, where children learn to decode (read) and encode (spell) printed words quickly and fluently by blending and segmenting letter sounds. Our teaching and learning follows the progression of ‘Letters and Sounds’.

What is Letters and Sounds?

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

There are six overlapping phases. The attached table is a summary of Letters and Sounds – Letters and Sounds

How do we support reading?

We support the children’s application of phonics to their reading by using Phonics Bug Club reading books, until children are able to read with fluency and apply their knowledge of all the letter/sound patterns taught.  Bug Club Phonics books are 100% decodable and aligned to Letters and Sounds. Best practise is for children to have the opportunity for children to read their book a few times to build fluency, so their book will not necessarily be changed every day. Once your child has built confidence and has read the book fluently we will send a new book home. The children will work their way up through 27 sets of Bug Club books and we will regularly update you on which set they are working on via their reading records.

What is a Screening Check?

At the end of Year 1, all children must participate in the Government’s ‘Phonics Screening Check’. This is to see if they are working at, or towards, the required national standard in terms of phonics skills. It enables schools to identify children who need additional help, so ensure they are given support to improve their reading skills.  

It is a Statutory Requirement to carry out the screening check. The check is a short, simple screening check which consists of a list of 40 words and pseudo words (non-words), which the child reads one-to-one with their class teacher. The Phonics Screening Check takes place in June.

Links to blended learning:-