Each day Year 1 take part in practical phonics sessions and games. We revisit previous sounds, introduce new sounds each week. We listen to you read and share sentences and books. We will also be playing some interactive games that support you to recognise the phonic sounds in different words.

When the children arrive at Year 1 they should be confident with each phase 2 phoneme. Phase 3 introduces children to the remaining, more difficult and/or less commonly used phonemes. There are around 25 of these, depending on which scheme is followed, mainly made up of two letters such as /ch/, /ar/, /ow/ and /ee/. We need these sounds to be able to read and form useful words. Alongside this, children are taught to recognise more tricky words, including ‘me,’ ‘was,’ ‘my,’ ‘you’ and ‘they’. They learn the names of the letters, as well as the sounds they make.

From here on throughout phase 4, phonics teaching is about consolidating and refining their knowledge, introducing more spelling patterns and tricky words, and increasing vocabulary.

Phase 5 generally takes children the whole of Year 1, where we start introducing alternative spellings for sounds, like ‘igh’. Children master recognising these within their reading first, and as their fluency develops, we begin to see them using them correctly in spelling.

Children learn new graphemes (different ways of spelling each sound) and alternative pronunciations for these: for example, learning that the grapheme ‘ow’ makes a different sound in ‘snow’ and ‘cow’.

We use literacy planet to help with blending, segmenting and creating words. Each child has their own username and password to complete challenges and tasks set by the class teacher.

We also use phonics play to help with recognising the new sounds within real and alien words that link in with the phonics screening check.

Phase 2 Phonics Link

Phase 3 Phonics Link